II Samuel Chapter 7


This Bible Study is written by Roger Christopherson, and it's transcription is provided with written permission by http://www.theseason.org

This chapter parallels a place right along side of Genesis 15, that dealt with an unconditional promise that God made with Abraham. However, this Covenant that God made with David goes another step beyond, for in the covenant that God gave to Judah when he was anointed by Jacob, Judah was given the right to rule and to judge. However here, God is saying that that ruler ship of kings will come from the seed of David.

This chapter starts some time after David had moved his capital city from Hebron to Jerusalem, for Hiram king of Tyre had sent his fine cedar trees, his carpenters and masons to Jerusalem to build a palace for David that was fit for a king. This was after God had promised David that he would be great, and Hiram the king over the Kenite nation of Tyre wanted to establish good relations with David. Remember that Hiram's people, the Kenites were tradesmen and merchandisers, and they sought to establish a foothold under the king David.

II Samuel 7:1 "And it came to pass, when the king sat in his house, and the Lord had given him rest round about from all his enemies;"

So David lived comfortable in his new cedar palace, beautiful, and spacious. David was sitting in the top seat of all nation in the world and he knew God had blessed him well.

II Samuel 7:2 "That the king said unto Nathan the prophet, "See now, I dwell in an house of cedar, but the ark of God dwelleth within curtains."

This Nathan was not the son of David, which was in the lineage of Mary, but was Nathan the prophet. As David was sitting in comfort in his fine new home, something was bothering him, and he expressed it to Nathan the prophet. David knew that God was blessing him for the reverence he gave the Ark of the Covenant, and as he view all the grandure of his home, he looked up there on the hill and saw that old cloth tent that God's ark of the Covenant resided in. This disturbed David very much. David had danced because of that ark, and he was so thankful for the Ark of the Covenant and the blessings that it brought him and his people. Yet the tabernacle that housed the Ark of the Covenant took second place to his home, as it lay in that tent.

II Samuel 7:3 "And Nathan said to the king, "Go, do all that is in thine heart; for the Lord is with thee." "

Notice that it was Nathan that was speaking to David and not God giving this advice. Yes, Nathan is a prophet of God, but he did not identify the advice as coming from God. So what is wrong with this advice? First of all, David did not ask God if he wanted an house or not. David had already been taught a good lesson when he tried to mover the Ark of the Covenant, against the will of God. That lesson cost the life of Uzziah the high priest.

At a latter time when David was living in comfort and thinking the matter over, David decided to build a better temple for the ark. David asked Nathan about his opinion on the matter without consulting God. We must pay attention in God's Word to those things that God has spoken, and those things that some man has spoken. Did God say to build a house, or did some man tell David to build God's house? It doesn't matter who the man is, a king or a prophet, if God did not say it and establish it as from Him, it is then man's advice.

This is just as important today as it was in David's day, for it doesn't matter if the man is a preacher, evangelist, or deacon of the church, if the instruction did not come from what God's said, that can be documented from God's Word, it is from man. God was certainly not speaking through this prophet Nathan when he gave this advice. Remember the question again is dealing with God's ark, his mercy seat here on earth, and God has certain requirement dealing with the handling and storing of the Ark of the Covenant. You just don't go out and put it in any building, but David had better seek God's advice before he starts the construction. The point is that we do not accept what any man says, including your pastor unless you check him out first with God's Word or you are heading for trouble.

II Samuel 7:4 "And it came to pass that night, that the word of the Lord came unto Nathan, saying,"

God doesn't allow things to get out of hand when it affects his Holy things, and that night the Lord came to Nathan in a vision, and corrected Nathan for the advice that he gave the king.

II Samuel 7:5 "Go and tell My servant David, `Thus saith the Lord, `Shalt thou build Me an house for Me to dwell in?" "

David has been presuming things that just arn't so. When you think of housing God in some building on earth, when he created the entire universe, your thinking is off. This is stated more directly in I Chronicles 17:4; "...Go and tell David My servant, `Thus saith the Lord, `Thou shalt not build Me an house to dwell in:"

I Chronicles 17:5 "For I have not dwelt in an house since the day that I brought up Israel unto this day but have gone from tent to tent, and from one tabernacle to another."

I Chronicles 17:6 "Wheresoever I have walked with all Israel, spake I a word to any of the Judges of Israel, whom I commanded to feed My People, saying, `Why have ye not built Me an house of cedar?"

God made it very clear, "Thou shalt not build Me a house to dwell in." Though David had well intended thoughts and meant to do God a favor, those thoughts came from his own imaginations. God is telling Nathan to go back and tell David, don't mess with Me or his ark.

It just doesn't matter how many good ideas you may have to build a ministry, to start a church or do a work for the Lord. If God didn't lead you into it, through the instructions in His Word, then go to God and ask Him for instruction. You may have a great idea, but does your ideas conform to God's plan, and the instructions within His Word. When God said something, that is the way it shall come to pass, and we are to pray that God's Will shall be done in all that we do or plan. God let David know that a tent in the nights sky was good enough for him at that time. We know that heaven is God's throne, and the earth is His footstool, as Jesus said in Matthew 5:34-35. You don't build God a house, even though it seems so religious. God was the same yesterday, as He is today and that is what He shall be tomorrow. God simply doesn't change, nor does his Word.

Man's minds and imaginations change with the times, to adopt to what seems right to him. However, God and His Word will never change, it is the same today, as it was back in that first earth age, and as He will be in eternity following the great white throne Judgment. So we had better learn to pay attention to those things that God says, and separate it from those things that man speak from his mind.

The mercy seat at the time of David is what Christ represented following His death on the cross. It was the place where forgiveness was granted, and it should be handled with respect. We live in the time of grace for Christ has gone to the cross, and the respect of God's Word dealing with the shed blood of Christ on the cross should be treated with the same respect and dignity. The building of a new house of God would be the same as substituting man's tradition for God's Word today, and replacing the things of God with the things of man. The point again is that we ask God for guidance before we do things in His name.

II Samuel 7:6 "Whereas I have not dwelt in any house since the time that I brought up the children of Israel out of Egypt, even to the day, but have walked in a tent and in a tabernacle."

God is telling Nathan that He has only had tents and tabernacles since the children of Israel came out of captivity in Egypt. Tabernacles are large tents.

II Samuel 7:7 "In all the places wherein I have walked with all the children of Israel spake I a word with any of the tribes of Israel, whom I commanded to feed My People Israel, saying, `Why build ye not Me an house of cedar?' ' ' "

The subject and the purpose of these tents and tabernacles was to feed God's People with the instructions from His Word. Then God asked David, `Have you ever heard Me ask you to build a house of cedar?' Of course the answer is No.

II Samuel 7:8 "Now therefore so shalt thou say unto My servant David, `Thus saith the Lord of hosts, `I took thee from the sheepcote, from following the sheep, to be ruler over My People, over Israel:"

God is reminding David that it was He that took David from the field and placed him in a position of authority over all of the tribes of Israel. God is telling David that it was not an accident that you are king, for I chose you when you were back in the field tending your father's sheep. The point here is that David, or us living in our generation, should not start adding to or taking away from God laws, commandments and ordinances that are laid out in His Word, as to how the liturgical services are to be performed. It is important that the shepherds over God's flock do not mislead the sheep.

II Samuel 7:9 "And I was with thee whithersoever thou wentest, and have cut off all thine enemies out of thy sight, and have made thee a great name, like unto the name of the great men that are in the earth."

The reputation that David had and will have in the future was placed in man's minds by God Himself. The battles that were won, and the enemies that fled were caused by the powers that God brought on the battle field. Even the courage that David had when he face the giant Goliath, was placed in David by God, and when the enemy saw the stone enter into their hero's head, they ran in fear of the God, not of the boy David. God gives you the gifts that you have, all of them, and don't ever forget to give God the credit when you use them to the glory of God. God builds up and tares down whomsoever He will.

II Samuel 7:10 "Moreover I will appoint a place for My People Israel and will plant them, that they may dwell in a place of their own, and move no more; neither shall the children of wickedness afflict them any more, as beforetime,"

"Moreover", or "to continue with My promise", God is saying: This is prophecy. This still has not happened, so it is future even to us living today. This is speaking of the Millennium age, that time when Jesus Christ, Emmanuel is here on earth dwelling with us. This takes place after the second advent. Look around you today, for there is plenty of wickedness in the world today. If there is any wickedness around you, Christ has not returned yet.

The key to understand what is being said here is in the "key of David", it is that Christ, Emmanuel shall come through David's loins. God took David from the tending sheep in the sheepcote, and made him king. Then through that taking off of the kings garment and putting on the priests robe of humility, David demonstrated the work of the Lord Jesus Christ.

Remember what God told David in the last chapter? When you hear Me move My army with the shaking of the trees over head, than you charge forth. God set the enemy running and David did the mopping up of the enemy. Once you look back in your own life, you can see how God moved in your life also, and that is what God is telling David, stop and look back at the things that I have done for you already, and this should give you confidence in His faithfulness to you now.

II Samuel 7:11 "And as since the time that I commanded judges to be over My People Israel, and have caused thee to rest from all thine enemies. Also the Lord telleth thee that He will make thee an house."

God is saying that before there was even a king, and before the time of the judges, He promised that He would build you a house. Focus on the spiritual side of this verse, for this house is made up of believers. So the house that God was speaking of here is the house spoken of by Jesus in Matthew 24; "...tare down this temple and I will rebuild it in three day". It is the body of Christ, through David: That is the key of David. God has His plan and when we try to stay within God's plan, we are pleasing Him.

II Samuel 7:12 "And when thy days be fulfilled, and thou shalt sleep with thy fathers, I will set up thy seed after thee, which shall proceed out of thy bowels, and I will establish his kingdom."

There are actually two parts to this prophecy for we know that we can trace the lineage of David all the way to Christ in Luke 3:23-38, yet, there is also a royal family that is here on earth that also can trace its lineage all the way to David. Of course I am referring to lineage of the kings and queens that rule over England. At the end of this chapter you will find the lineage of Queen Elizabeth II of England. This information is common, for the lineage goes back through king James who reigned in Scotland, and back through the Irish king line. It was Jeremiah that brought the daughters of Zedekiah from Jerusalem through Egypt to Ireland, to marry king Eremhon-Heremon, and continue the king line of David. God gave this prophecy to Ezekiel in Ezekiel 21:26,27, and Jeremiah was the prophet that God used to do the overturning.

Ezekiel 21:26 "Thus saith the Lord God; "Remove the diadem, and take off the crown: this shall not be the same: exalt him that is low, and abase him that is high."

Ezekiel 21:27 "I will overturn, overturn, overturn, it: and it shall be no more, until He come Whose right it is; and I will give it Him."

This concerns the history dealing with the "stone of scone" that was carried by the prophet Jeremiah, along with the daughters of Zedekiah to Ireland. That stone was "Jacob's pillar", and God said that pillar was the gateway between heaven and earth as recorded in Genesis 28:11-18.

Genesis 28:11 "And he lighted upon a certain place, and tarried there all night, because the sun was set; and he took of the stones of that place and put them for his pillows, and lay down in that place to sleep."

Genesis 28:12 "And he dreamed, and behold a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven, and behold the angels of God ascending and descending on it."

Genesis 28:13 "And behold, the Lord stood above it, and said, "I am the Lord God of Abraham thy father, and the God of Isaac: the land whereon thou liest, to thee will I give it, and to thy seed;"

Genesis 28:14 "And thy seed shall be as the dust of the earth, and thou shalt spread abroad to the west and to the east, and to the north, and to the south: and in thee and in thy see shall all the families of the earth be blessed."

That pillow stone became the pillar that was the gateway to heaven in Jacob's vision, and in that vision God revealed to Jacob that through his seed all the blessings of Abraham's Covenant would be passed. This stone or "pillar" was carried by Jacob where ever he went to mark that promise that God gave to him, and that same stone was passed from Jerusalem to Ireland, to Scotland and on to England where every king and queen that has been crowned over that stone.

David was also given this vision through Nathan the Prophet, that this promise was to pass through his seed, and we know that the spiritual seed is in Christ. It is in Christ that all the world that comes to the saving knowledge of Christ will be blessed. It is also through the nations of the old house of Israel would be blessed. Those ten tribes were scattered by the Assyrians seven centuries before Christ and have become the Christian nations of today. It is through these nations of the seed of Jacob that the entire world is blessed.

The entire Bible was not open to the public, to be read in each home until King James IV of Scotland, who became James I of England decreed that a copy of the Bible would be in every home. The king decreed that the Word be read and understood by all his subject, and from that decree gave us the bible that we have today. There was a very important letter that the king wrote to his subjects in the front of the King James Bible 1611 version, that tells us how and why the Bible was to be given to each person of his subjects.

This decree was given so that you do not have to go through any man to go to God, and you now have the right to understand what God the Almighty Father wants you to know and do. Today we have numbered Concordances, numbered to Greek and Hebrew dictionaries to give us the accurate information as to what is in God's letters to you, in and from the manuscripts, and that is why we must all learn to use those tools of understanding.

II Samuel 7:13 "He shall build an house for my name, and I will stablish the throne of his kingdom for ever."

David's throne is established for ever and ever, and this looks even to the future when the King of Kings, Jesus Christ, will return to this earth. Jesus will return at the seventh trumpet to establish His kingdom right here on earth. That throne continues right on through the Millennium age and into the eternity, when the entire Godhead is right here on earth in the New Jerusalem.

II Samuel 7:14 "I will be his Father, and he shall be my son. If he commit iniquity, I will chasten him with the rod of men, and with the stripes of the children of men:"

God is not talking about Christ here, but David's son Solomon, and the king line that follows after Solomon. If king Solomon commits iniquity, than God will chasten him with the rod of men. After King Solomon's death, the kingdom split into two separate kingdoms, or houses; the house of Israel, and the house of Judah. The house of Israel had the ten tribes, all except the tribes of Judah and Benjamin, who went to make up the house of Judah.

When the house of Israel fell into iniquity and sin in idol worship, God sent the men of Assyria to uproot them and scatter them from of their lands. They were brought to a place in northern Iraq and in time went through the Caucasus mountains and scattered to lands across Europe and the Americas. The name that stuck with these then tribes was "Caucasians", named after the event of migration through the Caucasus mountains. Hosea the prophet identifies these tribes and their nations. Hosea 1:10; "...call themselves `the Son of the Living God'." They call themselves Christian nations. The house of Judah and the house of Israel will not be joined back together until after Jesus Christ returns at the seventh trump.

Jesus Christ did not have any sins, for there was no iniquity in Him so that is why this can only refer to king Solomon and the kings that came behind him. It was in the fact that Christ had no sin that allowed Him to be the Sacrifice for all sacrifices. We all fall short in the flesh, but Jesus Christ did not sin. Christ took the stripes when He was innocent, and He took them for you and I.

II Samuel 7:15 "But My mercy shall not depart away from him, as I took it from Saul, whom I put away before thee."

When Christ took those stripes, we are allowed to have the mercy of the Father.

II Samuel 7:16 "And thine house and thy kingdom shall be established for ever before thee: thy throne shall be established for ever.' ' ' "

There are three subject spoken of here, they are the house, the kingdom and the throne. From the time of David all three of these things have been in existence, and they will continue until this earth age is over. Why? Because God established them and He protects them.

II Samuel 7:17 "According to all these words, and according to all this vision, so did Nathan speak unto David."

Nathan told David all the words of the vision exactly as God revealed it to him. Though David meant well, the idea was not in accordance with the plan of God, and the desires of God. The lesson here though again, is that we should always seek instruction from God first in matters that pertain to Him. Ask and ye shall receive, seek and it will be known to you the will of God in the matter.

II Samuel 7:18 "Then went king David in, and sat before the Lord, and he said, "Who am I, O Lord God? and what is my house, that thou hast brought me hitherto?"

After the Prophet spoke to David, he was humbled before the Lord. Stop and think for a moment what this promise meant. David's children will always be a royal house and have a throne to sit upon. There will always be a nation and nations to govern, and it will be David's kids that will sit on those thrones. When you trace the thrones of all the kings of Europe back in their lineage, they all come from the seed of David. Think about it.

II Samuel 7:19 "And this was yet a small thing in thy sight, O Lord God; but thou hast spoken also of thy servant's house for a great while to come. And is this the manner of man, O Lord God?"

"A great while to come" is forever. However the translators have strayed from the manuscripts in part of this verse. "And is this the manner of man, O Lord God?" The word "manner" in the manuscripts is "Torah" or the "Law", and this is the prime root of the "key of David". "Man" as given in the manuscripts is "Ha-adam", "the Adam" or man of the eighth-day creation that the lineage of the Christ would come through. David now realizes that this promised Messiah would come through him. This "Man" spoken of here is different than the "man" spoken of in verse 10, that has iniquity and sin in his life.

This is dealing with the blood lines that remained pure down through the many generation, from Adam to Noah, for at Noah's time all the adamic people had been polluted by the mixing with the fallen angels sent by Satan to destroy that lineage that the promised messiah would come through. That promise was given way back in Genesis 3:15, and Satan knew exactly what that verse meant. It meant that Messiah would come and pay the price, that would seal his doom and destruction at the cross.

Genesis 3:15 "And I [God] will put enmity between thee [Satan] and the woman [Eve], and between thy [Satan's] seed [the Kenites, offspring of Cain] and her Seed [Jesus Christ]; It [Christ] shall bruise thy [Satan's] head, and thou [Satan] shalt bruise His [Christ's] heel."

Speaking of "seed" here, in the Hebrew it is "zirmah", which is "sperma" in the Greek, and in English we are talking about sperm. This is # 2233 in the Hebrew dictionary. Satan's posterity is Cain and the Kenites, while the Seed of Adam is Christ. The righteousness of Noah in the manuscripts, was in "his perfect generations" [Genesis 6:9], and the Hebrew word for "generations" is "toledoth", and it means "family history". The Hebrew word for "perfect" is "tamin", and it means "without blemish as to pedigree." Satan's posterity is in Cain's offspring the Kenites, while Adam's posterity was in the complete lineage through Noah, Abraham and David all the way down to Christ.

Christ told us in Revelation 3 that the church of Philadelphia in the end times knew this "key of David", and along with Smyrna they were the only ones that knew the truth. They knew who the wicked were, and they knew how to identity them. "I know the blasphemy of them which say they are Jews, and are not, but are the synagogue of Satan." They knew who the Kenites were, how to identify them, and what they were up to. It is also the understanding the coming of Christ, and the lineage that the promised messiah would come through.

Psalms 8:4 "What is man, that thou art mindful of him: And the son of man, that visitest him:"

Psalms 8:5 "For thou hast made him a little lower than the angels, And hast crowned him with glory and honour."

Psalms 8:6 "Thou madest him to have dominion over the works of thy hands; Thou hast put all things under his feet:"

So David is asking God; "is this your decree or law concerning Ha-adam, O Lord?" Nathan has just told him that the Messiah would come through his lineage.

II Samuel 7:20 "And what can David say more unto thee? For thou, Lord God, knowest thy servant."

David is telling God that he had a clean heart in his motives, but he wanted to do what was right by God. God can read the hearts of all men and He knew David's motives were innocent. God doesn't like it when people try to add to God worshipping methods that are spelled out in His Word.

II Samuel 7:21 "For thy word's sake, and according to thine own heart, hast thou done all these great things, to make thy servant known."

David now commits himself to doing all his actions and words in accordance with God's Word. David will seek God's instruction in matters dealing with God's things in worship in the future.

II Samuel 7:22 "Wherefore thou art great, O Lord God: for there is none like thee, neither is there any God beside thee, according to all that we have heard with our ears."

II Samuel 7:23 "And what one nation in the earth is like thy People, even like Israel, whom God went to redeem for a People to Himself, and to make Him a name, and to do for you great things and terrible [awesome], for thy land, before thy People, which thou redeemedst to thee from Egypt, from the nations and their gods?"

David is recognizing all the awesome miracles that God did for the children of Israel, from the coming out of the Egypt to the pillar of fire given by night as they roamed through the wilderness. God never lifted his protective hand off Israel all the way into the promise land. Father gave them unbelievable victories, as He moved the enemy off the land and made it home for His people.

Stop and think for a moment; It was necessary that this people that the promised Messiah would come, would free to do as God chose. It was God that put Israel into captivity in the first place. It was also God that made their way out of Egypt and all the way to the promise land. God left them in Egypt for four hundred years, and that doesn't sound like God was playing favorites. God gave them this time to get their act together and grow into a nation. God expects those that He selects for a duty and an obligation, to fulfill that obligation without complaint and changing His course one bit.

II Samuel 7:24 "For thou hast confirmed to thyself thy people Israel to be a people unto thee for ever: and thou, Lord, art become their God."

This is the way that it has been. It was through that birth and sacrifice of our Lord Jesus Christ that God's mercy seat has been offered to all the peoples of the world equally. There is no room for jealousy.

II Samuel 7:25 "And now, O Lord God, the word that thou hast spoken concerning thy servant, and concerning his house, establish it for ever, and do as thou hast said."

David is saying that God is to establish this house for God's name sake, not David's. There is no other God, there is no other way than through the Son of God. That is the only way to the mercy seat and to salvation.

II Samuel 7:26 "And let thy name be magnified for ever, saying, the Lord of hosts is the God over Israel: and let the house of thy servant David be establish before thee."

Here you have the "key of David".

II Samuel 7:27 "For thou, O Lord of hosts, God of Israel, hast revealed to thy servant, saying, `I will build thee an house:' therefore hath thy servant found in his heart to pray this prayer unto Thee."

David is saying, "I have taken it into my mind to pray this prayer.

II Samuel 7:28 "And now, O Lord God, thou art that God, and thy words be true, and thou hast promised this goodness unto thy servant:"

It is true for it has come to pass exactly as it is written in God's Word, to the most minute detail of Christ's life, ministry and death and resurrection. Daniel gave us the time of the birth of Christ and Jesus appeared right on schedule.

II Samuel 7:29 "Therefore now let it please thee to bless the house of thy servant, that it may continue for ever before thee: for thou, O Lord God, hast spoken it: and with thy blessing let the house of thy servant be blessed for ever."

The house of David has been blessed completely.


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