"The Sons of Issachar. [1 -
Bible Study is written by Roger Christopherson, and it's
I Chronicles 7:1 "Now the sons of Issachar were, Tola, and Puah, Jashub, and Shimrom, four."
The identification of the sons of Issachar are given to us in Genesis 46:13; "And the sons of Issachar; Tola, and Phuvah, and Job, and Shimron." There are other places were numberings, or censes took place for the reason of making an army, such as Numbers 2:5, where the names of Nethaneel and Zuar are given as their leaders of that tribe, but these men are not mentioned in this book of I Chronicles. The Kenite pen making this book is taking some strange twists in the recording of these ancient name lists.
I Chronicles 7:2 "And the sons of Tola; Uzzi, and Rephaiah, and Jeriel, and Jahmai, and Jibsam, and Shemuel, heads of their father's house, to wit, of Tola: they were valiant men of might in their generations; whose number was in the days of David two and twenty thousand and six hundred."
As you read through these names of the sons of Issachar, not one of them beyond the first generation is given anywhere else in the bible, for it is done at the hand of the Kenite, and thus is to be taken as such. There is no double witness for this genealogy. This also proves the books of Chronicles to be entirely independent from the rest of the Scriptures. This verse is identifying the people of Issachar as men of great physical strength and stature. and in the Hebrew text calls them "gibbor" here, and where this term is used elsewhere in the Scriptures, it was always in reference to the offspring of "the fallen angels", the "giants" of Genesis 6, or during the second influx after the flood.
We are told in Numbers 26:25 that the number of men 20 years old and older that went into the promise land some three hundred years prior to David was 60,500, so this tribe really died off to 22,600 in that time of the judges, up to the time of David's census.
Where it says, "In the days of David"; is a reference to those numberings of 2nd Samuel 24, where David displeased God by not trusting him, and took a numbering of his people for forming an army. Yet at this time, no names were given of the numbering in the Scriptures. Notice that the span of time from Issachar's birth to the fall of the house of Israel by the Assyrians was well over a thousand years, and yet only a couple of Generation are given here, with no specific identification of who they were or why they were even named. Are they even from that tribe of Issachar, or Kenites identified within the land that the men of Issachar once had, or just given for some other unknown reason.
I Chronicles 7:3 "And the sons of Uzzi; Izrahiah: and the sons of Izrahiah; Michael, and Obadiah, and Joel, Ishiah, five: all of them chief men."
I Chronicles 7:4 "And with them, by their generations, after the house of their fathers, were bands of soldiers for war, six and thirty thousand men: for they had many wives and sons."
I Chronicles 7:5 "And their brethren among all the famileis of Issachar were valiant men of might, reckoned in all by their genealogies fourscore and seven thousand."
I Chronicles 7:6 "The sons of Benjamin; Bela, and Becher, and Jediael, three."
In Genesis 46:21 the sons of Benjamin were given, showing the number of people departing the land of Canaan, and going to Egypt to be under the protection of Joseph. "And the sons of Benjamin were Belah, and Becher, and Ashbel, Gera, and Naaman, Ehi, and Rosh, Muppim, and Huppim and Ard." There were ten sons of Benjamin in that first generation that departed for Egypt, yet the Kenites just sort of overlook the other eight, and then added one of his own. Again, these names are just names at the hand of the Kenite scribes, and for what reason only they knew.
I Chronicles 7:7 "And the sons of Bela; Ezbon, and Uzzi, and Uzziel, and Jerimoth, and Iri, five; heads of the houses of their fathers, mighty men of valour; and were reckoned by their genealogies twenty and two thousand and thirty and four."
I Chronicles 7:8 "And the sons of Becher; Zimira, and Joash, and Eliezer, and Elioenai, and Omri, and Jerimoth, and Abiah, and Anathoth, and Alameth. All these are the sons of Becher."
I Chronicles 7:9 "And the number of them, after their genealogy by their generations, heads of the house of their fathers, mighty men of valour, was twenty thousand and two hundred."
I Chronicles 7:10 "The sons also of Jediael; Bilhan: and the sons of Bilhan; Jeush, and Benjamin, and Ehud, and Chenaanah, and Zethan, and Tharshish, and Ahishahar."
I Chronicles 7:11 "All these the sons of Jediael, by the heads of their fathers, mighty men of valour, were seventeen thousand and two hundred soldiers, fit to go out for war and battle."
I Chronicles 7:12 "Shuppim also, and Huppim, the children of Ir, and Hushim, the sons of Aher."
I Chronicles 7:13 "The sons of Naphtali; Jahziel, and Guni, and Jezer, and Shallum, the sons of Benhah."
Genesis 46:24 tells us that; "And the sons of Naphtaili; Jahzeel, and Guni, and Jezer, and Shillem." These are the sons of Bilhah..." With some slight different spelling, this appears to be accurate.
I Chronicles 7:14 "The sons of Manasseh; Ashriel, whom she bare: (but his concubine the Aramitess bare Machir the father of Gilead:"
The sons of Manasseh, the first born of Joseph, would not be included in the naming of family going down into Egypt, for Joseph was sold into slavery by his eleven brothers, and the birth of both Manasseh and Ephraim were in Egypt.
I Chronicles 7:15 "And Machir took to wife the sister of Huppim and Shuppim, whose sister's name was Maachah;) and the name of the second was Zelophehad: and had daughters."
I Chronicles 7:16 "And Maachah the wife of Machir bare a son, and she called his name Peresh; and the name of his brother was Sheresh; and his sons were Ulam and Rakem."
I Chronicles 7:17 "And the sons of Ulam; Bedan. These were the sons of Gilead, the son of Machir, the son of Manasseh."
I Chronicles 7:18 "And his sister Hammoleketh bare Ishod, and Abiezer, and Mahalah."
I Chronicles 7:19 "And the sons of Shemidah were Ahian, and Shechem, and Likhi, and Aniam."
I Chronicles 7:20 "And the sons of Ephraim; Shuthelah, and Bered his son, and Tahath his son, and Eladah his son, and Tahath his son,"
I Chronicles 7:21 "And Zabad his son, and Shuthelah his son, and Ezer, and Elead, whom the men of Gath that were born in that land slew, because they came down to take away their cattle."
I Chronicles 7:22 "And Ephraim their father mourned many days, and his brethren came to comfort him."
I Chronicles 7:23 "And when he went in unto his wife, she conceived, and bare a son, and he called his name Beriah, because it went evil with his house."
I Chronicles 7:24 "(And his daughter was Sherah, who built Beth-horon the nether, and the upper, and Uzzen-sherah)"
I Chronicles 7:25 "And Rephah was his son, also Resheph, and Telah his son, and Tahan his son,"
I Chronicles 7:26 "Laadan his son, Ammihud his son, Elishama his son,"
I Chronicles 7:27 "Non his son, Johoshuah his son."
I Chronicles 7:28 "And their possessions and habitations were, Beth-el and the towns thereof, and eastward Naaran, and westward Gezer, with the towns thereof; Shechem also and the towns thereof, unto Gaza and the towns thereof;"
Again, this is talking about the children of the tribe of Ephraim. Gezer and the lands to the west were formerly controlled by Egypt, from about 1450 B.C., the time of the rulers Amen-hotep III and IV, as has been recorded from the Tel-el-Amarnah explorations. In the conquests of Joshua's day, only part of this area was taken and given to the Levites (Joshua 21:21), and many of the former inhabitance were allowed to remain.
I Chronicles 7:29 "And by the borders of the children of Manasseh, Bethshean and her towns, Taanach and her towns, Megiddo and her towns, Dor and her towns. In these dwelt the children of Joseph the son of Israel.
I Chronicles 7:30 "The sons of Asher; Imnah, and Isuah, and Ishuai, and Beriah, and Serah their sister."
Genesis 46:17 gives us the record of the sons of Asher, born the second son of Leah the first wife to Jacob. "And the sons of Asher; Jimnah, and Ishuah, and Isui, and Beriah, and Serah their sister, and the sons of Beriah; Heber, and Malchiel." This is all that is recorded of Asher, until the time of the coming out of Egypt, over two hundred years later. At that time, there was a numbering for those adult males over the age of 20 that would make up the army of the Israelites, and their leader. Numbers 2:27, 28 gives us this record at the start of the journeys in the wilderness, and Numbers 26:44-48 gives us the record of those making up the army from the tribe of Asher forty years later, going in to take the promise land and receiving their inheritance.
I Chronicles 7:31
"And the sons of Beriah; Heber, and Malchiel, who is the father of
I Chronicles 7:33 "And the sons of Japhlet; Pasach, and Bimhal, and Ashvath. These are the children of Japhlet."
I Chronicles 7:34 "And the sons of Shamer; Ahi, and Rohgah, Jehubbah, and Aram."
I Chronicles 7:35 "And the sons of his brother Helem; Zophah, and Imna, and Shelesh, and Amal."
Josephus tells us in his writings (Life, #75), "He brought the manuscripts, or "codices" back to Rome following his victory over Jerusalem". These manuscripts had been kept in the temple at Jerusalem, but would be kept in the royal palace from about 70 A. D. Then about 220 A.D. all of these codices or manuscripts of the Pentateuch were redeposited from the royal palace into the new synagogue that was built by Emperor Severus, and given to the Jewish community in Rome. Though both the Synagogue and the Jewish community that were in Rome later perished, But many years later they reappeared in the possession of the Jewish community of Progue, and also in the Paris Nation Library (no. 31, folio 399a), however 32 of these passages were preserved in the Massorah. In comparing these ancient codices with the Massoretic text, the codices were different and had been changed from the protected writings of the Massoretic text.
We were alerted to the fact that foreigners, given to service in the temple had taken over the duties of the scribes and records keeping back in I Chronicles 2:55, where the sons of Cain, called the Kenites, were in charge of duties of the Temple. The assigned priests appointed by Moses were gone by the time of the coming out of captivity, and as Ezra the prophet discovered in Ezra 8:15; "...I viewed the People and the priests, and found there none of the sons of Levi." These Kenites, strangers given to service in the temple in Jerusalem had taken over completely, and their traditions were being injected into the teaching of the temple, and into the minds of the people worshipping in Jerusalem.
So when we study the New Testament, and the life of our Lord Jesus Christ, it becomes obvious why those Kenite Jewish leaders, the scribes and Pharisees wanted to murder Jesus from the start of His ministry. Jesus was calling attention to the actual writings of Moses, and away from their traditions that had replaced the Massorah writings, in many cases. In the Appendixes numbering 30 through 34 of the Companion Bible, it goes into detail as to how many of these changes were made from the Massorah. They were placed into what is called the "Sopherim", under the direction of these Kenite Sephorites. Jesus would state "..It is written", and then quote the actual text of the prophets, and in many cases the people hadn't heard it from the teachings in the temple of their day.
We are seeing much of this going on today in the church houses of our day, where man's traditions and and the reasoning of some man has taken precedence over the Word of God, and what is written by the Prophets. So as we continue through the books of Chronicles we can know why their has been many changes, additions and deletions to modify the Word of God. Try calling attention to the errors in the traditions of the churches and denominations today, and you will find yourself unwelcome in that church house "beth-aven".
I Chronicles 7:36 "The sons of Zophah; Suah, and Harnepher, and Shual, and Beri, and Imrah,"
I Chronicles 7:37 "Bezer, and Hod, and Shamma, and Shilshah, and Ithran, and Beera."
I Chronicles 7:38 "And the sons of Jether; Jephunneh, and Pispah, and Ara."
I Chronicles 7:39 "And the sons of Uila; Arah, and Haniel, and Rezia."
I Chronicles 7:40 All these were the children of Asher, heads of their father's house, choice and mighty men of valour, chief of the princes. And the number throughout the genealogy of them that were apt to the war and to battle was twenty and six thousand men."
So if this numbering and lineage of Asher takes us to the time of David, then all those listed in this lineage are from the going down into Egypt, about 1706 B.C., to the time of David's numbering somewhere in the 960's B.C. This leaves huge gaps in the lineage through the time in Egypt of the 400 years in bondage, the forty years in the wilderness, and 300 years of the time of Judges, to the appointing of king Saul. Then forty years later after the Judges, David assumed the throne as God's anointed. We are given many names in this chapter, and most of them have no point of reference anywhere in the Scriptures.
It is also interesting that most of the land that Asher was given for an inheritance by God through Joshua is part of the land of the Kenites in the land of Hamath. That land was never really taken over by the Israelites and the inhabitance killed or removed off the land. It was more like moving those heathen into the area, and taking what land was available to them. So down through the centuries of time from Joshua's day until the Babylonian captivity, some thousand years; the Kenites were dwelling amongst the children of Israel, to be considered their neighbors.
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