The Companion Bible
- Appendix 126
The Eight Beatitudes of Matt 5 & the Eight Woes of
eight Beatitudes of Matt 5: 3-12 are best understood and
interpreted by the eight contrasts, or "Woes"
of 23: 13-33. The comparison shows that 5:10-12 form one
(the eigth) Beatitude, having one subject (persecution)
corresponding with the eighth "Woe" of
23:29-33. They may be thus set out:
The Beatitudes (Matt 5:3-12)
- The kingdom
opened to the poor [v.3]
- The meek
inheriting the earth [v.5]
righteousness sought by true desire.
merciful obtain mercy [v.7]
within, and the vision of God hereafter
the sons of God [v.9]
The Woes (Matt 23:13-33)
- The kingdom
shut [v. 3]
compassing the earth [v.15]
righteousness sought by casuistry [vv.
"omitted" and "left
undone" [vv. 23, 24]
without, uncleannness within.
"Blindness" [vv. 25,26]
and lawless [v. 27,28]
persecutors [vv. 29-33]
these eight contrasts there is an internal correspondence
of the principal thoughts, suggested by the combined
series, and formatting the Structure given in the note on
Matt 5: 3,4.
It may be further noted that these Beatitudes rest on
special passages in the Psalms: [here they are placed
together for comparison].
These are placed here for your reference:
- Matt 5:3
"Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs
is the kingdom of heaven."
- Ps 40:17 "17
But I am poor and needy; yet the Lord thinketh
upon me: thou art my help and my deliverer; make
no tarrying, O my God."
- Matt 5:4
"Blessed are they that mourn: for they shall
- Ps 119:136
"Rivers of waters run down mine eyes,
because they keep not thy law."
- Matt 5:5
"Blessed are the meek: for they shall
inherit the earth."
- Ps 37:11 "But
the meek shall inherit the earth; and shall
delight themselves in the abundance of
- Matt 5:6
"Blessed are they which do hunger and thirst
after righteousness: for they shall be
- Ps 42:1-2 "As
the hart panteth after the water brooks, so
panteth my soul after thee, O God. My soul
thirsteth for God, for the living God: when shall
I come and appear before God?"
- Matt 5:7
"Blessed are the merciful: for they shall
- Ps 41:1
"Blessed is he that considereth the poor:
the LORD will deliver him in time of
- Matt 5:8 "
Blessed are the pure in heart: for they shall see
- Ps 24:4 "He
that hath clean hands, and a pure heart; who hath
not lifted up his soul unto vanity, nor sworn
deceitfully." Ps 73:1 "Truly God is
good to Israel, even to such as are of a clean
- Matt 5:9
"Blessed are the peacemakers: for they shall
be called the children of God."
- Ps 133:1
"Behold, how good and how pleasant it is for
brethren to dwell together in unity! "
- Matt 5:10 "
Blessed are they which are persecuted for
righteousness' sake: for theirs is the kingdom of
37; 39; 40
1 Fret not thyself because of evildoers, neither
be thou envious against the workers of iniquity.
2 For they shall soon be cut down like the grass,
and wither as the green herb.
3 Trust in the LORD, and do good; so shalt thou
dwell in the land, and verily thou shalt be fed.
4 Delight thyself also in the LORD; and he shall
give thee the desires of thine heart.
5 Commit thy way unto the LORD; trust also in
him; and he shall bring it to pass.
6 And he shall bring forth thy righteousness as
the light, and thy judgment as the noonday.
7 Rest in the LORD, and wait patiently for him:
fret not thyself because of him who prospereth in
his way, because of the man who bringeth wicked
devices to pass.
8 Cease from anger, and forsake wrath: fret not
thyself in any wise to do evil.
9 For evildoers shall be cut off: but those that
wait upon the LORD, they shall inherit the earth.
10 For yet a little while, and the wicked shall
not be: yea, thou shalt diligently consider his
place, and it shall not be.
11 But the meek shall inherit the earth; and
shall delight themselves in the abundance of
12 The wicked plotteth against the just, and
gnasheth upon him with his teeth.
13 The Lord shall laugh at him: for he seeth that
his day is coming.
14 The wicked have drawn out the sword, and have
bent their bow, to cast down the poor and needy,
and to slay such as be of upright conversation.
15 Their sword shall enter into their own heart,
and their bows shall be broken.
16 A little that a righteous man hath is better
than the riches of many wicked.
17 For the arms of the wicked shall be broken:
but the LORD upholdeth the righteous.
18 The LORD knoweth the days of the upright: and
their inheritance shall be for ever.
19 They shall not be ashamed in the evil time:
and in the days of famine they shall be
20 But the wicked shall perish, and the enemies
of the LORD shall be as the fat of lambs: they
shall consume; into smoke shall they consume
21 The wicked borroweth, and payeth not again:
but the righteous sheweth mercy, and giveth.
22 For such as be blessed of him shall inherit
the earth; and they that be cursed of him shall
be cut off.
23 The steps of a good man are ordered by the
LORD: and he delighteth in his way.
24 Though he fall, he shall not be utterly cast
down: for the LORD upholdeth him with his hand.
25 I have been young, and now am old; yet have I
not seen the righteous forsaken, nor his seed
26 He is ever merciful, and lendeth; and his seed
27 Depart from evil, and do good; and dwell for
28 For the LORD loveth judgment, and forsaketh
not his saints; they are preserved for ever: but
the seed of the wicked shall be cut off.
29 The righteous shall inherit the land, and
dwell therein for ever.
30 The mouth of the righteous speaketh wisdom,
and his tongue talketh of judgment.
31 The law of his God is in his heart; none of
his steps shall slide.
32 The wicked watcheth the righteous, and seeketh
to slay him.
33 The LORD will not leave him in his hand, nor
condemn him when he is judged.
34 Wait on the LORD, and keep his way, and he
shall exalt thee to inherit the land: when the
wicked are cut off, thou shalt see it.
35 I have seen the wicked in great power, and
spreading himself like a green bay tree.
36 Yet he passed away, and, lo, he was not: yea,
I sought him, but he could not be found.
37 Mark the perfect man, and behold the upright:
for the end of that man is peace.
38 But the transgressors shall be destroyed
together: the end of the wicked shall be cut off.
39 But the salvation of the righteous is of the
LORD: he is their strength in the time of
40 And the LORD shall help them, and deliver
them: he shall deliver them from the wicked, and
save them, because they trust in him.
1 I said, I will take heed to my ways, that I sin
not with my tongue: I will keep my mouth with a
bridle, while the wicked is before me.
2 I was dumb with silence, I held my peace, even
from good; and my sorrow was stirred.
3 My heart was hot within me, while I was musing
the fire burned: then spake I with my tongue,
4 LORD, make me to know mine end, and the measure
of my days, what it is; that I may know how frail
5 Behold, thou hast made my days as an
handbreadth; and mine age is as nothing before
thee: verily every man at his best state is
altogether vanity. Selah.
6 Surely every man walketh in a vain shew: surely
they are disquieted in vain: he heapeth up
riches, and knoweth not who shall gather them.
7 And now, Lord, what wait I for? my hope is in
8 Deliver me from all my transgressions: make me
not the reproach of the foolish.
9 I was dumb, I opened not my mouth; because thou
10 Remove thy stroke away from me: I am consumed
by the blow of thine hand.
11 When thou with rebukes dost correct man for
iniquity, thou makest his beauty to consume away
like a moth: surely every man is vanity. Selah.
12 Hear my prayer, O LORD, and give ear unto my
cry; hold not thy peace at my tears: for I am a
stranger with thee, and a sojourner, as all my
1 I waited patiently for the LORD; and he
inclined unto me, and heard my cry.
2 He brought me up also out of an horrible pit,
out of the miry clay, and set my feet upon a
rock, and established my goings.
3 And he hath put a new song in my mouth, even
praise unto our God: many shall see it, and fear,
and shall trust in the LORD.
4 Blessed is that man that maketh the LORD his
trust, and respecteth not the proud, nor such as
turn aside to lies.
5 Many, O LORD my God, are thy wonderful works
which thou hast done, and thy thoughts which are
to us-ward: they cannot be reckoned up in order
unto thee: if I would declare and speak of them,
they are more than can be numbered.
6 Sacrifice and offering thou didst not desire;
mine ears hast thou opened: burnt offering and
sin offering hast thou not required.
7 Then said I, Lo, I come: in the volume of the
book it is written of me,
8 I delight to do thy will, O my God: yea, thy
law is within my heart.
9 I have preached righteousness in the great
congregation: lo, I have not refrained my lips, O
LORD, thou knowest.
10 I have not hid thy righteousness within my
heart; I have declared thy faithfulness and thy
salvation: I have not concealed thy
lovingkindness and thy truth from the great
11 Withhold not thou thy tender mercies from me,
O LORD: let thy lovingkindness and thy truth
continually preserve me.
12 For innumerable evils have compassed me about:
mine iniquities have taken hold upon me, so that
I am not able to look up; they are more than the
hairs of mine head: therefore my heart faileth
13 Be pleased, O LORD, to deliver me: O LORD,
make haste to help me.
14 Let them be ashamed and confounded together
that seek after my soul to destroy it; let them
be driven backward and put to shame that wish me
15 Let them be desolate for a reward of their
shame that say unto me, Aha, aha.
16 Let all those that seek thee rejoice and be
glad in thee: let such as love thy salvation say
continually, The LORD be magnified.
17 But I am poor and needy; yet the Lord thinketh
upon me: thou art my help and my deliverer; make
no tarrying, O my God.
hope this study helped you understand the comparisons of
the Beatitudes and the Woes!