"The Bondage of Israel Begun."
Bible Study is written by Roger Christopherson, and it's
which will identify those sons of Jacob that are present with their
families. These twelve men are the Patriarchs of the tribes of the
children of Israel. Later we God will introduce us to the Sacred name
Exodus 1:2 "Reuben, Simeon, Levi, and Judah,"
As we start through the these names, they are given in order of their age, according to their mothers. The first six are the sons of their mother Leah, then Benjamin from Rachel.
Exodus 1:3 "Issachar, Zebulun, and Benjamin,"
Exodus 1:4 "Dan, and Naphtali, Gad, and Asher."
Dan and Naphtali are from their mother Bilhah the hand maiden to Rachel, and Gad and Asher are the sons of Zilpah, Leah's hand maiden.
Exodus 1:5 "And all the souls that came out of the loins of Jacob were seventy souls: for Joseph was in Egypt already."
Joseph and his family, Ephraim and Manasseh were already living in Egypt and had lived their many years after Joseph was sold into slavery. So Jacob and his entire household that came into Egypt to flee from the famine were seventy souls.
Exodus 1:6 "And Joseph died, and all his brethren, and all that generation."
In time the entire family that came into Egypt had died, and those left were the offspring of the seventy. Joseph and all his are not living, but their families of the next generation are the ones that will continue in Egypt for the captivity. Most people today, know of the tribe of Judah, but all the tribes still exist today and have migrated to many parts of the earth.
The Prophet Hosea told us of these tribes of the house of Israel, in Hosea 1:10; "Yet the number of the children of Israel shall be as the sand of the sea, which cannot be numbered; and it shall come to pass, that in the place where it was said unto them, `Ye are not My People,' there is shall be said unto them, `Ye are the sons of the Living God."
Jesus Christ is "the Living God", and those tribes call themselves "Christians". No most people of the tribes of Jacob simply do not know who they are or where they came from. Judah is only one small part of the tribes of Israel, and today it is mixed heavily with the Kenites, those Nethinim that came into their ranks back in the Babylonian captivity, and never left. One half of the people return to Jerusalem with Ezra were those Nethinim and their families, and as Ezra recounted those folks in Ezra 8:15 "Of the priests, not one was present of the tribe of Levi." The Levitical priest had left their posts and were not in the group to rebuild the temple and worship.
When Solomon died, God separated the house (nation) of Israel from the house of Judah. The house of Judah has never lost it's identity, where as the house of Israel the other ten tribes have no idea what tribe their are from. Pay attention in your studies which house is addressed for God deals with each of them in His own way. Though the house of Israel has accepted Jesus Christ, the son of the Living God, the house of Judah, called the Jews do not.
As the migrations took place after the Assyrians conquered the house of Israel, they passed through the Caucasus mountains and scattered to man lands around the world, today they are know by the word "Caucasians". Sure they have become know by many other names, the Brits, Scots, Cimmeron, and so on, but all of the tribes still hold to the name Caucasians. These Caucasians nations are the Christian nations of the entire earth. They are the house of Israel.
Exodus 1:7 "And the children of Israel were fruitful, and increased abundantly, and multiplied, and waxed exceeding mighty; and the land was filled with them."
While the children of Israel were held in captivity in Egypt, their numbers multiplied greatly just as God promised Abraham way back in Genesis. God knew that He was going to bless them while they were there in captivity. Though they were multiplying, they were becoming a threat to the Egyptians as they started to outnumber them. They were put to work as slaves, men and women alike and they were in good health. They were tough and a strong people.
Exodus 1:8 "Now there arose up a new king over Egypt, which knew not Joseph."
It is assumed that this new king over Egypt was Raamses II, as the children of Israel would build this Pharaoh the two treasured cities of Pithom and Raamses. However during this time, there were many shepherd kings of Egypt, called the Hyksos.
Exodus 1:9 "And he said unto his people, "Behold, the people of the children of Israel are more and mightier than we."
When your slaves are far more and mightier than your are, that is a time to be concerned. This led to a dangerous situation for the Egyptians, should there be an uprising against their slavery.
Exodus 1:10 "Come on, let us deal wisely with them; lest they multiply, and it come to pass, that, when their falleth out any war, they join also unto our enemies, and fight against us, and so get them up out of the land."
Lets deal diplomatically with our slaves to keep them from turning against us. The Egyptians were getting things built with cheep labor, and turning their nation into an advanced nation. They knew that if war broke out with another enemy, they would have real problems amongst the slaves back home. Usually when slaves are under heavy bondage they are not intelligent enough to figure these things out for themselves.
Exodus 1:11 "Therefore they did set over them taskmasters to afflict them with their burdens, And they built for Pharaoh treasure cities, Pithom and Raamses."
These treasure cities are where the excess stores of the nation are kept. They became massive storehouses. Pithom was called by the Egyptians, "Tum", and later named by the Greeks, "Heroopolis". Raamses meant "Child of the sun, after the Pharaoh.
Exodus 1:12 "But the more they afflicted them, the more they multiplied and grew. And they were grieved because of the children of Israel."
The more the work, the tougher they got and the more they multiplied. The people did not have the physical problems that they would have had, if they were on a light work schedule like the Egyptians.
Exodus 1:13 "And the Egyptians made the children of Israel to serve with rigour:"
The work load became crushing on the heads of the Israelites, yet they did their work, and continued to multiply. God promised that they would prosper in this foreign land.
Exodus 1:14 "And they made their lives bitter with hard bondage, in morter, and in brick, and in all manner of service in the field: all their service, wherein they made them serve, was with rigour."
These Israelites may have been on a light diet, but the hard work made them tougher by the day. They became a fit and able bodied people, that would be necessary in time to come, as they would pass through the wilderness to the promise land. Most people could not stand up to the training that these Israelites were forced into keeping. The discipline of the taskmasters, mixed with the work and diet made for a pretty good people. As the work was accomplished, these Egyptians were not nice to their slaves, in fact they were down right mean.
Exodus 1:15 "And the king of Egypt spake to the Hebrew midwives, of which the name of the one was Shiphrah, and the name of the other Puah:"
These midwives were slaves just like the people mixing the brick, and carrying the straw. They were under the watchful eye of the king and those over them. These midwives were the medical community serving the Hebrew women slaves. Did they need these midwives of Egypt? of course not.
Exodus 1:16 "And he said, "When ye do the office of a midwife to the Hebrew women, and see them upon their stools; if it be a son, then ye shall kill him: but if it be a daughter, then she shall live."
The king is telling these midwives what they are to do, when the Israelite women were having their babies. The stools that are mentioned here are two large stones, where the mothers bathed the children and cared for them. It was also the place were they would deliver the new born babies. The king told these midwives that when the babies were born, if the child was a boy, then kill the child, and if it was a girl then let it live. Think of this order that is given, for it was genocide, the killing off of a race. This is nothing but Satan himself working through the king, to kill off God's people.
If the population of male became so low, the king would have brought in other races to breed in another race of people. This would have polluted the lineage of Israel, the blood line that the Christ child would come through. This is exactly what Satan pulled in Genesis 6 when he sent his fallen angels to earth to marry the daughters of men. That first time was so successful that only the pure pedigree, or blood line of Noah and his family was not contaminated with the supernatural filth of the fallen angels. God corrected that problem with the flood, but Satan is back again trying to mess over the lineage of the coming Messiah.
Exodus 1:17 "But the midwives feared God, and did not as the king of Egypt commanded them, but saved the men children alive."
God has changed the mind of these women, and they would not kill off the male children of the children of Israel. They risked their own lives to save these male babies. God took care of them just as He will take care of you in these end times. This is an example of those things past, to let each of us know that we can count on His protection in these latter days. God has His hand on those He chooses, and those that will submit to His plan by faith. Our heavenly Father is in charge of all events.
Exodus 1:18 "And the king of Egypt called for the midwives, and said unto them, "Why have ye done this thing and saved the men children alive?"
The king wants to know why these women have defied his order and allowed these male babies to life.
Exodus 1:19 "And the midwives said unto Pharaoh, "Because the Hebrew women are not as the Egyptian women; for they are lively, and are delivered ere the midwives come in unto them."
It doesn't take a rocket scientist to know that if one male baby is killed on purpose, why would anyone go to that same midwife to have her second son killed also. They just delivered their own children, instead of using a midwife. The children of Israel knew immediately what the intentions of the king and those midwives were, and they would not give them a chance to slaughter their children. Those two stones became outdated very quickly, and the mothers used other means for delivery. This was the story they were using to the king, only I feel that God put the fear in them to all the male babies to life. It takes a hardened person to kill a baby, and they had no intention of doing the kings wickedness. God has intervened in the protection of His people.
Exodus 1:20 "Therefore God dealt well with the midwives: and the people multiplied, and waxed very mighty."
God blessed these midwives greatly for their kindness in saving the male children, and in so doing, He fulfilled the promise that He made to Abraham, that His seed would multiply and become a mighty and prosperous people.
Exodus 1:21 "And it came to pass, because the midwives feared God, that He made them houses."
God made each one of those midwives so prosperous and popular amongst the people, that each of them became a noted family or progeny among the people. God increased their childbirth just as He increased that of the women of the children of Israel. God takes care of those that help His people, but remember that even the Egyptian midwives were God's children. He is the creator of all souls. God gave these women the understanding to out think the Pharaoh and they revered God, and continue bring forth the babies.
Exodus 1:22 "And Pharaoh charged all the people, saying, "Every son that is born ye shall cast into the river, and every daughter ye shall save alive."
In that the Pharaoh's first order of genocide was disregarded, here he gives another order for all the first born male children of Israel to be cast into the river to be killed. Here is another try by Satan to hinder the lineage of the coming Messiah. Even though this order was given, it was not enforced, and soon was withdrawn. However this is the order that put Moses in the ark, and allow Moses to float right into the arms of the Pharaoh's daughter, to be raised in the very house of the Pharaoh. Can you see how God uses even the negative parts of the events that take place, to be used in the fulfillment of His plan. There is no other way that Moses could be planted in Pharaoh's home and care to be raised in a manner that would allow him to lead God's people through forty years in the wilderness. We will see in the next chapter that it was Pharaoh's own daughter that named that male child Moses, and saw his rise to power amongst the king's own sons.
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Plough .~ Seeds .~ Vine .~ Potter .~ Seasons .~ Sonshine .~ Rain .~ Field