Genesis Chapter 10
"The Generations of the Sons of Noah."
Bible Study is written by Roger Christopherson, and it's
The word "Genesis" in the Hebrew means "the beginning". The tenth chapter discusses how God will scatter and repopulate this earth age. This is a formal record of the offspring of Noah. In the manuscripts it tells of other Gentile people as well; however the only "Adamic" people that survived the flood were Noah and his family. These are the sons and generations of Noah. Their survival of the flood was because Noah and his family had not intermixed with the fallen angels.
God warned Noah in chapter six, that He was going to destroy all of the other "Adamic" people, and in the previous two chapters God carried out that promise. This tenth chapter records the multiplying of the generations of Noah. The people are beginning to repopulate the earth. Families grew into tribes, and tribes into nations; then, lands became identified by the first inhabitances of the land to which they occupied.
Certain geographical areas are identified as being Gentile nations from the earliest times, such as the land of Canaan, of the Canaanites, which are Gentile, and not of the Canaan of the offspring of Noah and Ham.
Genesis 10:1 "Now these are THE GENERATIONS OF THE SONS OF NOAH, Shem, Ham, and Japheth: and Japheth: and unto them were sons born after the flood."
Japheth is the oldest of the three sons, and his name means "enlargement" in the Hebrew .
Ham, being the second son, and thus, "younger" than Japheth, and means "heat" in the Hebrew.
Shem, the youngest son, means "Renown" in Hebrew, and it is through the blood line of Shem that Abraham, Isaac and Jacob, as well as all Israel will come. However it is also through Shem that the Messiah, Jesus Christ came.
Genesis 10:2 "The sons of Japheth; Gomer, and Magog, and Madai, and Javan, and Tubal, and Meshech, and Tiras."
Genesis 10:3 "And the sons of Gomer; Ashkenaz, and Riphath, and Togarmah."
Genesis 10:4 "And the sons of Javan; Elishah, and Tarshish, Kittim, and Dodanim."
Genesis 10:5 "By these were the isles of the Gentiles divided in their lands; every one after his tongue, after their families, in their nations."
Who are these Gentile nations that are living in the coast lands, "isles"? These people are not of the offspring of Adam, but foreigners, of heathen blood and not of Noah or his son Japheth, or Javan; as assumed because of verse four. These Gentile people survived the flood also, and separated themselves into separate nations, on their own lands. We are expected to use common sense, and those with eyes to see, will understand that others besides Noah and his family survived the flood.
Take your Strong's concordance and Hebrew Bible Dictionary, and check out # 1471, "Gentile". You will then see that others, "foreigners" to Noah's family, survived the flood. Also check out the word for "nations" in the Hebrew, as it is used in verse five, both come from the same root word, "Goy" [# 1471].
These Gentiles peoples of different races also divided into different peoples, and they also separated themselves into their own lands. Noah's Adamic race is not referred to as a Gentile race in the Bible. Each race was created "after his kind", and prior to the Adamic race.
Verse five in the manuscripts say that the sons of Javan, the son of Japheth, moved into and took over parts of these Gentile lands for their own.
Genesis 10:6 "And the sons of Ham; Cush, and Mizraim, and Phut, and Canaan."
Genesis 10:7 "And the sons of Cush; Seba, and Havilah, and Sabtah, and Raamah, and Sabtechah: and the sons of Raamah; Sheba, and Dedan."
Genesis 10:8 "And Cush begat Nimrod: he began to be a mighty one in the earth."
Nimrod was a mighty man. "Nimrod" comes from the Hebrew word, "Marad", and it means "to rebel". When given in the first person, plural, it reads; "Jussive", meaning "we will rebel".
There is much written of Nimrod by the ancient writters, and Josephus wrote [Ant. Jud. i. c. 4. 2]; "Nimrod persuaded mankind not to ascribe their happiness to God, but to think that his own excellency was the source of it. And he soon changed things into a tyranny, thinking there was no other way to wean men from the fear of God, than by making them rely upon his own power."
So we see in Nimrod, Satan's first attempt to raise up a human universal ruler of men. Since then we have seen many other attempts, such as Nebuchadnezzar, Alexander the Great, Napoleon, and in the end times of this earth age Satan himself will present himself as a supernatural human, in the personal form of the Antichrist.
Genesis 10:9 "He was a mighty hunter before the Lord: wherefore it is said, "Even as Nimrod the mighty hunter before the Lord."
So mighty was Nimrod in the eyes of the people of the earth, that a Semitic proverb took it's origin and belief that, "Jehovah was not known in Babylonia". In the Hebrew text, the manuscript records "before the Lord", as written; "in defiance of God".
Genesis 10:10 "And the beginning of his kingdom was Babel, and Erech, and Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar."
"His kingdom" is "Nimrod's kingdom". "Babel" in the Hebrew tongue is "Bab-ili", and it comes from the root word #1101, "Confusion, Babylon, government of confusion." Babylon is the first attempt of man in forming his cities of confusion.
Real confusion comes in anytime man tries to bypass God's Word, and substitutes his own meaning to things which contradict God's original text, the Word of God. The Word of God [Bible] is the plan of God which covers in detail this entire earth age. It instructs us exactly how things will happen. When you study God's Word, and get into the original meanings, then confusion ceases in your mind, and you understand how and why things happen in the ways that they do. God is in control. All matters that take place are outlined in the plan of God.
This is why Revelation 17:5 addresses, "Mystery, Babylon the great, mother of Harlots and abominations of the earth." This Babylon is not a city, it is a condition that exists upon the whole earth. It means that "confusion controls all the people on the earth." The system or religious order of the people is what causes the confusion, and effect of what is happening.
Many today believe they will fly away, (Rapture), while others don't even believe there is a God. Some think their salvation lies in knowledge and science, or whatever idea and belief that they can conceive. This type of confusion is now being absorbed into the minds of most Christians today, because they refuse to study God's Word. They simply do not believe that the Bible is true. They kid themselves about something very serious, and rely on fairy tales, rather then God's written Word.
We are living in this generation of confusion, or Babylonia. Christians are trusting in the doctrines and traditions of men, and being conditioned into a position of accepting the Antichrist as the Messiah, upon his arrival. This is why things are getting so turned around that many churches are blindly accepting things of Satan, such as sodomy and the Rapture doctrine, as being of God. We are reliving the days of Nimrod, and it is going to get worse.
Genesis 10:11 "Out of that land went forth Asshur, and builded Nineveh (and the city Rehoboth) and Calah,"
Genesis 10:12 "And Resen between Nineveh and Calah: the same is a great city."
Nineveh was the competitor of Babylon, to be the capital of Assyria.
Genesis 10:13 "And Mizraim begat Ludim, and Anamim, and Lehabim, and Naphtuhim,"
Ludim was the family of the Lydians.
Genesis 10:14 "And Pathrusim, and Casluhim, (out of whom came Philistim,) and Caphtorim."
Genesis 10:15 "And Canaan begat Sidon his firstborn, and Heth,"
Genesis 10:16 "And the Jebusite, and the Amorite, and the Girgasite,"
The "Jebusites" are the founders of Jebus; in which David conquered and is now known as Jerusalem. This also allows us to see how deep the family ties are between the Jebusites, Amorite, and the Hivites, which were written, and discussed of throughout the Old Testament.
Genesis 10:17 "And the Hivite, and the Arkite, and the Sinite,"
Genesis 10:18 "And the Arvadite, and the Zemarite, and the Hamathite: and afterward were the families of the Canaanites spread abroad."
Genesis 10:19 "And the border of the Canaanites was from Sidon, as thou comest to Gerar, unto Gaza; as Sidon, as thou goest, unto Sodom, and Gomorrah, and Admah, and Zeboim, even unto Lasha."
Genesis 10:20 "These are the sons of Ham, after their families, after their tongues, in their countries, and in their nations."
We see that even within the families of Ham, and his brothers, the language barrier [tongues] caused divisions. The four main barriers separating the people of the earth were families, languages, land separation and governmental bonding, such as religious thought.
Genesis 10:21 "Unto Shem also, the father of all the children of Eber, the brother of Japheth the elder, even to him were children born."
Shem's family generations are given last, and this is because the entire Bible, and all the prophets and nations are centered around the generations of Shem. It is through Shem's seed that the promises of blessing that the world shall receive. It is through the seed of Abraham. Those blessings were passed from Abraham to Isaac, and on to Jacob. God changed Jacob's name to Israel, and Israel's twelve sons grow into a family of many nations.
Shem's generations are also very important for it is through the seed [children] of Shem that the promised Christ child would come. Luke 3:31-38 traces the blood line of Christ from Adam through Shem, and on to David. Then we see the New Testament opens with "the book of the generation of Jesus Christ, the son of David, the son of Abraham." Matthew 1:1 Each name in the entire generations comes through Shem.
Genesis 10:22 "The children of Shem; Elam, and Assur, and Arphaxad, and Lud, and Aram."
Genesis 10:23 "And the children of Aram; Uz, and Hul, and Gether, and Mash."
Genesis 10:24 "And Arphaxad begat Salah; and Salah begat Eber."
The Hebrew people come from "Eber", and the name Eber means "from beyond the river" [flood, i.e. Euphrates to Canaan] in the Hebrew language.
Notice also that this verse corrects the error of Luke 31:36 made by the translators. In Luke, the entry of Cainan as the son of Arphaxad, is added by the 'translators', or is it just a simple error that has been allowed to stand? In the Hebrew manuscripts there is no "Cainan" in the lineage of Noah. The only Cainan in Jesus Christ's lineage is the fourth from Adam, the offspring of Enos, as recorded in Genesis 5:10.
Genesis 10:25 "And unto Eber were born two sons: the name of one was Peleg; for in his days was the earth divided; and his brother's name was Joktan."
"Peleg" means "divisions" in Hebrew. His offspring broke from the rest of the family unit, and set up divisions for inheritance. We divide our lands today into small units from the sections of 640 acres, down to small units of land called the lot. The purpose of division is to show ownership of the land, and or the purpose of inheritance; is to be passed on from father to son, and on to future generations.
Inheritance is important to Christians, for even in the Millennium age, Ezekiel points out in Ezekiel 40-48 that all Israel will have an inheritance in the Millennium, and the elect of God's inheritance will be their joint heir and reign with Jesus Christ himself. What separates God's people from the heathen Communist, Socialist and similar forms of government is that they desire to strip all inheritance from the individual, and place it in the hands of the controlling ruling authorities. People then become little more then cattle for the government. They turn into serfs on the lands of the elite.
We will see in the next chapter where Nimrod caused this to happen, and the people went along with it for their own provision, and security. This state of existence is called Babylon, for it correctly identifies the state that exists. That is because "Babel", or "Babylon" means confusion in the Hebrew tongue.
Genesis 10:26 "And Joktan begat Almodad, and Sheleph, and Hazarmabeth, and Jerah,"
Genesis 10:27 "And Hadoram, and Uzal, and Dikah,"
Genesis 10:28 "And Obal, and Abimael, and Sheba,"
Genesis 10:29 "And Ophir, and Havilah, and Jobab: all these were the sons of Joktan."
Genesis 10:30 "And their dwelling was from Mesha, as thou goest unto Sephar a mount of the east."
Genesis 10:31 "These are the sons of Shem, after their families, after their tongues, in their lands, after their nations."
This makes it the third time that four way divisions of the earth is mentioned. They again are by family, languages, the land they occupy, and the nations or governmental [religious in most cases] units.
Genesis 10:32 "These are the families of the sons of Noah, after their generations, in their nations: and by these were the nations divided in the earth after the flood."
"Divided in the earth" is set up by God's division, as outlined in verse twenty five, by the family of Eber. God's divisions were for the purpose of order, discipline, and inheritance. We will see in chapter eleven that man's divisions and disruption included Babylon, a state of confusion. Babylon is Satan's way of doing things.
Notice the difference in spelling between the names of the generations of Jesus Christ in Luke 3:23-38, and those in Genesis 10. Such as "Serug" of Genesis becomes the "Saruch" as recorded in Luke. Both these names are the same person, however, it represents a name given in two different languages. The Hebrew language is the language of the Old Testament, and the Greek is that which the New Testament was written, in large part.
Plough .~ Seeds .~ Vine .~ Potter .~ Seasons .~ Sonshine .~ Rain .~ Field