. Plough . Servant of God Studies

A Study on the Numbers 19 and 20 
By Servant of God

Here is a study on the numbers 19 and 20, since we are coming up to the years 2019 and 2020.

So what do the numbers 19 and 20 mean, Biblically?

2019 = 20 meaning a complete or perfect waiting period, 19 = Divine order connected with judgment.


19 is a number not without significance. It is a combination of 10 and 9, and would denote the perfection of Divine order connected with judgment. It is the gematria of Eve and of Job.
Nineteen (19), which is the combining of 10 and 9, usually denotes God's perfect order in regard to his judgment. The names Job and Eve, if we substitute letters for numbers, add up to 19.

How does the number 19 relate to Israel?

The united kingdom split into two pieces after the death of Solomon. The piece referred to as Israel, or the Northern Ten Tribes, had Jeroboam as their first king (930 to 909 B.C.). Judah's first king was Rehoboam (930 to 913 B.C.). Including Jeroboam, Israel was ruled by a total of nineteen (19) kings before God allowed them to be conquered by the Assyrians. They were conquered and taken out of the land as captives due to their many sins against the Eternal.

Appearances of the number nineteen

Discovered in 1947, the Dead Sea Scrolls were found east of Jerusalem. Among all the scrolls unearthed over the years, 19 copies of Isaiah the prophet have been identified. Of the ten most frequently mentioned women in the Bible, Mary (Jesus' mother) is listed 19 times.


20 is the double of ten, and may in some cases signify its concentrated meaning. But its significance seems rather to be connected with the fact that it is one short of twenty-one, 21 - 1 = 20; that is to say, if 21 is the three-fold 7, and signifies Divine (3) completion as regards spiritual perfection (7), then twenty, being one short of 21, it would signify what Dr. Milo Mahan calls expectancy, and certainly we are not without illustrations in support of it:

Twenty years Jacob waited to get possession of his wives and property, Gen 21:38,41.
Twenty years Israel waited for a deliverer from Jabin's oppression, Judg 4:3.

Twenty years Israel waited for deliverance through Samson, Judg 15:20, 16:31. But his work was never much more than "begun," Judg 13:25.

Twenty years the Ark of the Covenant waited at Kirjath-jearim, 1 Sam 7:2.

Twenty years Solomon was waiting for the completion of the two houses, 1 Kings 9:10; 2 Chron 8:1.

Twenty years Jerusalem waited between its capture and destruction; and

Twenty years Jeremiah prophesied concerning it.

Meaning of Number 20

Twenty (20), which is one more than nineteen, is twice ten and can, at times, mean a complete or perfect waiting period.

For 20 years Jacob waited to get possession of his wives and property, and to be freed from the control of Laban his father-in-law (Genesis 31:38 - 41).

For 20 years the children of Israel waited to be freed of Jabin, king of Canaan, who oppressed them. God response was to raise up Deborah and Barak, who freed the people from bondage (Judges 4 - 5).

In the days of Samuel the prophet the Philistines battled and overcame Israel, taking the Ark of the Covenant back to their land. The Ark brought such calamities on the Philistines that after seven months they gave it back to the Israelites. It ended up in the city of Kirjath-jearim, which is several miles west of Jerusalem. Israel had to wait at least 20 years (1Samuel 5 - 7) before the Ark would be moved again.

Solomon spent seven years building the house of God in Jerusalem and another 13 building his own home for a total number of 20 years. After he had completed both buildings Solomon gave Hiram, the king of Tyre, twenty cities in the land of Galilee (1Kings 9:10 - 11).
God promised Abraham that if he found only 20 righteous people in Sodom and Gomorrah he would not destroy both cities (Genesis 18:31).

Samson was Judge over Israel twenty years (Judges 15:20, 16:31).

The book of Hebrews uses over 20 different names and titles for Jesus Christ.


The tools used to produce these Bible studies were:

The King James
Companion Bible
Companion Bible Appendix
Strong's Concordance 

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